Hemochromatosis Causes Symptoms And Prevention
Hereditary hemochromatosis (he-moe-kroe-muh-TOE-sis) causes the human body to absorb too much iron in the food that you consume. Excess iron is stored in your organs, especially your liver, heart and pancreas. Too much iron may cause life-threatening ailments, such as liver disease, heart issues and diabetes.
The genes which cause hemochromatosis are inherited, but only a minority of men and women having the genes ever create serious issues. Signs and symptoms of hereditary hemochromatosis generally show up in midlife.
Treatment includes frequently removing blood out of the human body. Since a lot of the human body’s iron is included in red blood cells, this therapy enhances iron levels.
Iron overload, also called hemochromatosis, indicates accumulation of iron within your system from any other cause. The most significant causes are hereditary hemochromatosis (HHC), a hereditary disease, also transfusional iron overload, which could result from recurrent blood transfusions.
Symptoms of hemochromatosis causes
Some people with hereditary hemochromatosis never have symptoms. Early signs and symptoms often overlap with those of other common conditions. Common symptoms include:
Later signs and symptoms of the disease may include:
- Loss of sex drive
- Heart failure
- Liver failure
When signs and symptoms typically appear
Hereditary hemochromatosis is present at birth. However, most individuals do not experience symptoms and signs until later in life — typically between the ages of 50 and 60 in men and after age 60 in women. Girls are somewhat more likely to develop symptoms after menopause, even when they no longer shed iron with pregnancy and menstruation.
Hereditary hemochromatosis is caused by a mutation in a gene that controls the amount of iron your body absorbs from the food that you consume. All these mutations are passed from parents to kids. This sort of hemochromatosis is undoubtedly the most frequent type.
Gene mutations that cause hemochromatosis
A gene named HFE is most frequently the reason behind hereditary hemochromatosis. You inherit a single HFE gene from each of your parents. The HFE gene includes two common mutations, C282Y and H63D. Genetic testing can show whether you’ve got those mutations on your HFE gene.